01 Jul 2022
Variation in pasture based diets increases feed intake in lambs
Variation in pasture based diets increase the intake of lambs. It’s not just about what is fed, but how it is served over time!
One of the main objectives of animal nutrition is to optimize animal yields with the purpose of obtaining good quality products that meet consumer demands.
Certain aspects regarding feed variation, diet formulation, feeding frequency have been assessed by researchers:
- Variation in the sequence of administration of the diet may increase the intake compared to the repeated distribution of the diet
- The variation of the diet arrangement reduces the coefficient of daily variation of the intake compared to the repeated arrangement of the diet.
- Intake is affected by more than just the primary composition of the diet.
The effect of repeated allocation of a fresh forage diet or variation in the availability of dietary components on Dry Matter Intake (DMI) and rumen characteristics of sheep is not fully understood.
To determine whether repeatedly administering the feed affected DMI and rumen characteristics, three different treatments were assigned to 21 Coopworth rams:
Repeat Mixture (RM) of ryegrass, alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), chicory (Cichorium intybus L.), or banana (Plantago lanceolata L.)
Varied Diet (VD): selection of equal parts of DM from two foods:
Ryegrass, alfalfa, chicory, or banana in the morning (07:00 h to 16:00 h),
With the remaining two meals in the afternoon (16:00 h to 07:00 h).
Diets were given ad libitum for 38 days and IMS was recorded.
DV improved DMI (20 and 10%, respectively) and reduced the daily coefficient of variation of DMI (29 and 23%, respectively) compared to RR and RM diets.
The dietary components of each of the various diets (RM and VD) resulted in a higher percentage of the volatile fatty acids (VFAs) of the rumen composed of butyrate and valerate.
More research is needed to determine whether this difference in IMS was the result of:
The ability to choose between different foods
or whether it was the temporal variation in food availability.